Tumors of the bone and surrounding soft tissue may be benign tumors that form as a developmental abnormality or as a result of trauma, many of which do not require treatment. The most common benign bone tumors are:
Some of these tumors do not need to be treated and can simply be monitored via X-ray until they go away on their own. Others may be treated with medication or may be excised to reduce the risk of spreading or cancer. Having one or more benign bone tumors puts patients at a higher risk for developing a cancerous bone tumor, so it is important to monitor them frequently and carefully.
Cancerous or malignant bone tumors are much more serious and require more complex treatment to complete remove the cancer and stop it from spreading any further. Bone tumors may be primary, meaning they developed in the bone, or metastatic, meaning they originated somewhere else in the body and have now spread to the bone.
Treatment for bone tumors varies depending on the type, size and location, but often includes a combination of chemotherapy, radiation therapy and surgery. Laser therapy is an emerging technique that gently eradicates tumors with little to no damage to surrounding tissue. Dr. Maccabee specializes in laser treatment of foot and ankle tumors that thoroughly removes tumors and allows patients to restore normal function and activity. Surgery can not only remove the tumor, but also stabilize the bone to prevent fractures and other injuries.
Corns and calluses are thickened layers of skin that develop on the feet as a result of the skin protecting itself from friction and pressure. Corns and calluses do not often cause serious medical problems, but they may be painful, especially when walking. Many patients are also bothered by the appearance of these growths, as they appear as a hard, raised bump or a thick, rough area of skin.
Patients should see their doctor after detecting a corn or callous to determine whether or not it needs to be removed. Patients with diabetes may be at a higher risk of developing complications from these conditions and should seek immediate treatment. Treatment for corns and calluses may include:
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Plantar warts are noncancerous growths that develop on the soles of the feet as a result of the human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV enters the body through tiny breaks in the skin, which are often present beneath pressure points in the feet on the heels or balls. These warts appear on the skin as a small, hard bump that may be gray or brown with well-defined boundaries. In some patients, they may cause pain or tenderness with walking.
While plantar warts are not usually a serious condition, many patients experience pain or embarrassment regarding this condition. Plantar warts can be removed through several different noninvasive procedures, including cryotherapy (freezing), laser surgery, cantahridin, immunotherapy and medication injections. Your doctor will decide which treatment option is best for you based on your individual condition. Some plantar warts may not require any treatment at all.
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People with diabetes are at high risk for developing problems with their feet. More than half of diabetics lose sensation in their feet due to nerve or blood vessel damage, and can hurt themselves without knowing it. To make things worse, diabetes slows healing and weakens the immune system, so what may seem like an inconsequential injury can quickly become a major problem. Even the smallest of foot and ankle injuries such as a blister or ingrown toenail can lead to infection and tissue death.
One of the most serious complications of the diabetic foot is Charcot foot, a deformity that develops when people fracture bones in their feet without realizing it and then continue to walk on the injury because they don't feel any pain.
If you or a loved one has diabetes, be sure to inspect your feet every day and visit your doctor regularly to ensure that you and your feet remain healthy.
Click here for more information about Diabetic Foot Care.